Three propositions for early childhood contexts were apparent across the studies: (1) racial identity and dysconsciousness are learned over time and across multiple spaces; (2) critical racial literacy is a complex, cyclical, and sometimes contradictory process; and (3) critical racial literacy demands acknowledging and confronting blind spots. more democratic society through early critical literacy, little empirical work is available to guide the practice, especially in the Korean context. Critical literacy in the early years: Emergence and sustenance in an age of accountability. It is often assumed that childhood is a time of innocence where children view others as “just Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards. Based on a literature review spanning thirty years, Lewison, Flint and van Sluys (2002) found that critical literacy provides educators with the opportunity to explore social issues and discuss ways children can contribute to positive change in the community (cited in Norris, Lucas, & Prudhoe, 2012). This can be achieved by moving away from the commonly used ‘teacher-question, student-answer, and teacher-reaction‘ pattern which can inhibit learning if used improperly, as it can cause excessive attention to guessing what is in the teacher’s mind rather than being creative in exploring more in-depth about the texts  (MoE, 2003). Luff, P., Kanyal, M., Shehu, M. & Brewis, N. (2016). Questions such as “If you are Isaac’s [character] friend, what will you do to play with him?” or “Is it okay for boys to play with dolls?” and “Is it okay for girls to be firemen?” can foster positive attitudes in children to matters relevant to their lives and with the growing awareness of equality, empower them to act with kindness and empathy. Reading to children is definitely a powerful literacy tool, but to enhance the experience teachers and parents can use fingers to build those literacy skills even more. When children’s perspectives broaden through critical discussions, positive attitudes towards others in society are also likely to take shape (Kim, 2016). What happened in the story? Supporting this goal, children should be encouraged to inquire, reflect, challenge ideas and make meanings, which support engagement in critical literacy. Picture books make great teaching tools as they bring in fresh perspectives on social issues, prompting children to explore concepts and  consider how this might influence their actions (Robertson, 2018). In addition to teacher questioning, children should be encouraged to be proactive at asking questions as well. Why? The Selfish Crocodile (Charles, 2010) illustrates a self-centered crocodile who initially refuses to share the forest with the other animals but eventually becomes friendly and considerate after being helped by a mouse. Teachers explore how to support young children’s agency for social justice. Once literacy skills are developed early in life it becomes easy for them to read. Is it ok if/when…? At this time, another child, B, added his own point of view about friendship. What will happen if you do that?” or “What can you say to your friends so they play with you?” These questions prompt children to use their comprehension of the story and the images to reflect on issues of equality and inclusion and through a collaborative reading experience, they can develop an awareness of certain positive behaviours in life that promotes social justice. Early childhood educators (ECEs) work with children undergoing the most rapid brain development period in their lives. This list of literacy activities for toddlers is a great start for introducing youngsters to letters and setting the stage for lifelong learning! Child B: Yes. This comprises engagement in critical literacy: a learning journey where children are encouraged to think critically and reflect on meanings presented in texts. Literacy development begins in the very early stages of childhood, even though the activities of young children may not seem related to reading and writing. Candace R Kuby’s book, Critical Literacy in the Early Childhood Classroom: Unpacking Histories, Unlearning Privilege (2013), is an attempt to do just that. Picture book reading is an interactive, sociocultural experience, where adults and children can engage in collaborative learning (Helming & Reid, 2017; Norris et al., 2012). Why is [the character] feeling this way? Examining critical lteracy: Preparing preservice teachers to use critical lteracy in the early childhood classroom. The strand contribution voices the aspiration that children will demonstrate “confidence to stand up for themselves and others against biased ideas and discriminatory behaviour” (p. 37). Children enter early childhood programs and school with a wealth of knowledge and understandings of literacy. Export: BibTeX, Repository Staff Only: Open-ended questions foster a good balance between a hands-on and hands-off approach to teaching as they provoke thinking while accepting individual unique perspectives. 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